Download icon

Tributes to Ann Harding

Feature article
Cite this article as: ; 2023; Tributes to Ann Harding; International Journal of Microsimulation; 16(2); I-XIX. doi: 10.34196/ijm.00279
2 tables


Table 1
Components of the behavioural equations of the HARDING model
EventVariables used to Determine Event
MortalityAge, sex, education status
Disability statusAge, sex
Pre schoolAge, sex
Primary & secondarySector, age, sex and parental SEG.
Leaving schoolAge, sex, school sector and parental SEG
Tertiary EnrolmentAge finished secondary school, sex, parent's education
Graduate schoolRace, sex, parents education
FertilityAge, marital status and parity (for married women only)
Marriage & remarriageAge, sex
Matching spousesAge, education (male initialising)
CohabitationAge, sex (distribution same as marriage)
DivorceAge, sex
Labour Force ParticipationAge, employment status, education, marital status and age of youngest child (women)
Self employedAge, education and husband's self employment status (women)
Hours in the labour forceEducation, age, employment status (FT or PT), self-employment status (men) marital status and age of youngest child (women)
UnemploymentAge, unemployed the previous year, education, sex, duration of previous unemployment
% of year unemployedAge, sex, education, % of year in labour force year
Employee and self employed earningsAge, education, invalidity status, number of hours worked, ability and personal qualities and also a stochastic error term
Investment incomeAge, sex, education, earnings, disability status, self-employment status and labour force status
TransfersMajor cash transfers
TaxesFederal income taxes and medicare levy
  1. Source: Harding, 1993a.

Table 2
Components of the behavioural equations of the DYNAMOD models
EventVariables used to Determine Event
DemographicModels vary over time
MortalityAge, sex
First cohabitationEducational participation, pregnancy, year of birth
Termination of first cohabitationAge at entry to union, completed university degree, live birth during union, employment status
Termination of second or subs cohabitationPartner LT unemployed, live birth during union
First marriageEducational participation, highest educational status, FT employment and age 15-17, pre-marital pregnancy, currently cohabiting, age, currently cohabiting and pregnant
Dissolution of first marriageYear of birth, age at first marriage, husband’s age at marriage, husband previously married, cohabited 1-6 months, pre-marital birth, employment status, husband unemployed for 6+ months, year of birth, marriage duration
Time between first marriage and cohabitationYear of birth, pregnant, no. of children at end of previous marriage, duration since separation, employment status
Time from end of marriage to the nextNumber of children at end of previous marriage, currently cohabiting, duration since marriage ended
Dissolution of second and subsequent marriagesHighest ed. Qualification, cohabited before marriage, employment status
Divorce after separationDuration of separation
Matching of partnerAge, education level, employment status
Pre-marital birthEducation participation, education level, employment status, age
First birth after entry to marital unionEducation participation, employment status, age, duration since first marital union
Second and subs birth after entry to marital unionParity, ed. participation, highest level, age, duration since last birth, employment status
Leaving Home
Labour market transitionsSex, age, marital status, occupational status, sector, labour force status, unemployment rates, average earnings, replacement ratio
Employment status of students
Earnings of students
Hours Worked
  1. Note: The types of transitions are included even if documentation is not available at the time of this literature survey. Details of forthcoming documentation are recorded in King et al. (1999)

Download links

A two-part list of links to download the article, or parts of the article, in various formats.

Downloads (link to download the article as PDF)

Download citations (links to download the citations from this article in formats compatible with various reference manager tools)

Open citations (links to open the citations from this article in various online reference manager services)